Amaryllis is a genus comprising roughly 90 species of perennial, herbaceous, and bulbous plants, as well as over 600 hybrids and cultivars. These plants are endemic to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas, ranging from Mexico south to Argentina and on several Caribbean islands.
Hippeastrum are sometimes referred to as amaryllis, a term that was once used to refer to a tiny genus of South African bulbs, Amaryllis belladonna, the hardy Jersey lily that blooms in the fall. However, the popular name has endured, and Hippeastrum is still frequently referred to as amaryllis.
Regestion can result in nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, especially if the bulb is consumed. Sensitive people may get skin irritation from the sap.
Water well after planting, allowing the soil to become slightly soaked and settling around the bulb. Then reduce the amount of water you use; a bulb doesn’t require excessive moisture when it isn’t yet growing to support it. Once growth begins, water sparingly. Soggy soil is not ideal for amaryllis since it causes the bulbs to decay.
Using Pots for Planting:
To prevent damage, please handle the bulbs with caution. Plant the bulb in a container that is at least 100 mm diameter and filled with high-quality potting mix that has a slow-release fertilizer for six months. The plants’ capacity to hold onto moisture will also be enhanced by the addition of Water Retention Granules. Make sure the roots of the bulb are widely dispersed and plant it with the top third above the mixture. For the next two to three months, continue watering the bulb since, even without flowers, its lush green foliage will make it a visually pleasing addition to any home.
Use lukewarm water sparingly to keep the mixture somewhat moist but not soggy while the bulb is growing. Avoid wetting the bulb’s nostrils with water. Keep the tray beneath the pot dry and free of water. A large feeder is the amaryllis. It is recommended to fertilize again every few weeks. We have the perfect Natures Garden Fertilizer. Amaryllis prefers a steady temperature at about 20°C.
Store the pot in a warm, well-lit space or outdoors in a covered area. Usually, six to seven weeks after planting, flowers start to bloom. To prolong the life of the flower, take the container out of the direct sunlight after the bulb begins to bloom.
In warm climates, amaryllis can be planted outdoors. Select a section that has good drainage and shade. Plant bulb so that the top third is above ground. Water well after planting, allowing the soil to become slightly soaked and settling around the bulb. Then reduce the amount of water you use; a bulb doesn’t require excessive moisture when it isn’t yet growing to support it. Once growth begins, water sparingly. Soggy soil is not ideal for amaryllis since it causes the bulbs to decay.
Growth cycle of amaryllis outdoors:
- In early November or October, the plant transitions into a growth stage.
- initial leaf/stalk growth within one to three weeks.
- From late winter to early April, expect abundant flowers. The shrub only produces flowers once a year.
- two to three months of dormancy before starting a fresh growth cycle.
The following details on an indoor amaryllis’s growth stages also apply to an outdoor amaryllis.
Though an indoor amaryllis can be trained to bloom at different times, an outdoor amaryllis will follow its natural development cycle, culminating in a spring bloom.
AMARYLLIS LIFE CYCLE:
- The amaryllis seed life cycle takes one to four weeks for germination.
- In a matter of weeks, sprouts will begin to take shape.
- Sprouts evolve into grass blades and take several years to mature.
- When developed from seed, an amaryllis plant might take three to fourteen years to blossom.
Before you can anticipate seeing blossoms, a fertile seed’s root needs time to develop into a bulb, which then needs time to mature.
For this reason, mature bulbs rather than seeds are sold in the majority of cases of amaryllis. I don’t have to cultivate amaryllis from seed, so I never do.
Although there are plenty of amaryllis bulbs available, you are welcome to use the seeds from the spent flower buds on your current plants to start new plants.
Since most of my readers are growing amaryllis from a bulb, just like me, I will only discuss the amaryllis growth cycle from the perspective of a fully grown bulb.
Mature bulbs have a comparatively fast growth cycle from dormancy to bloom, with full flowers emerging 6–12 weeks following planting.
The amaryllis life cycle, which begins with a bulb
- As soon as the bulb emerges from hibernation, leaves will start to sprout.
- Leaves may form first, followed by distinct, straight stalks growing later, or they may grow at the same time.
- From week one to week six, leaves will grow.
- Stalks can emerge at any point during the first six weeks. This means that depending on when the stalks originally sprouted, you can anticipate blooms at any time between weeks 6 and 12. In other words, it takes six weeks from the time a stalk appears to the time it flowers. Generally speaking, blooms should start to appear around week 8.
- The amaryllis bulb will begin to go into hibernation after blooming is over, which will persist for two to three months until it begins a new growth cycle.
Care after flowering:
After flowering, take care of the plant by trimming off the spent flower stalk as close to the base as you can, leaving the foliage intact. Since the bulb needs to be well-fed for the next few months in order to flower successfully the next season, fertilizer can be added now. We have the perfect Natures Garden Fertilizer. Now is the time to repot the bulb if it was originally planted in a small pot; in warm areas, it can also be grown outdoors.
Even after it stops flowering, the bulb’s lush green leaves make it a visually pleasing addition to any home, so continue maintaining it for the next two to three months.
Techniques for effective re-flowering:
The onset of flowering is triggered by a dry or chilly stress period. For the stress phase to be successful, it must last for at least 10 weeks. The bulbs can be kept dry during the winter to create these circumstances. From early to late spring, repot the bulb into a fresh mixture and proceed with the above growing methods. Alternatively, put the potted bulb outside in a protected spot throughout the winter. The majority of its leaves will drop off, although this is not an issue. In the spring, just repot the bulb and bring it inside.
Amaryllis grown from seeds may take up to six years to mature and blossom. They typically differ from the parent plant as well.
Plant seeds as soon as possible in springtime in seed compost that drains freely.
Keep the temperature at 70°F, or 21°C.
Five to six weeks after germination, begin feeding with a general pot plant feed and continue until September.
Grow in individual tiny pots, repotting into slightly larger pots as the pot fills up with roots on a regular basis during the spring and summer.
Avoid forcing dormancy in the plants by keeping them in a moderately warm environment (do not drop the temperature as to encourage flowering).
Start watering on a regular basis after sparingly watering till the new leaves appear. While you shouldn’t allow the compost to dry up, keep extra water from building up in the saucer.
To stop the flower stalk from growing toward the light, turn the pot frequently. Large-flowering cultivars need to be staked.
To prolong flowering, relocate the plant when it is in bloom to a cooler location, around 15–18°C (60–65°F).
Huge, dazzling flowers in a variety of jazzy color combinations are abundantly produced by amaryllis plants. These bulbs, straight from our cool store, are ready to plant right now and will blossom into flowers in a matter of weeks. Alternatively, before the end of December, place in the refrigerator and plant.
There are differences in size and quality among amaryllis. The best producers of amaryllis in the world provide us with our amaryllis. These are enormous bumper-sized bulbs with a circumference of 26–28 cm. There are three to four blooms on each of the two to three flower stems that are packed full of blossoms. They have a long flowering season ahead of them. Size matters a lot when growing amaryllis; the larger the bulbs’ girth, the more food they can store, creating a fuller plant with more flowers.